Only 32% of Bolivia’s of rural population uses adequate or “improved” sanitation facilities and 54% still practice open defecation. This directly affects the health of communities, especially the most vulnerable populations, which include indigenous groups and children living in rural areas.
According to the 2012 census, in Bolivia 3.5 million people live in rural communities with less than 2,000 inhabitants and 28,000 communities have less than 500 inhabitants. In recent years, the Bolivian Government has made significant efforts to increase access to better sanitation options, but the national sanitation programmes and policies do not always reach rural areas or the poorest families.
The gap in sanitation coverage between urban and rural areas is widening in Bolivia. To address this gap, national partners working to improve water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are initiating Community Led Total Sanitation projects to increase sanitation coverage in rural communities with less than 2,000 inhabitants. UNICEF is one of these partners and has signed a Country Programme Action Plan covering 2013-2017 together with the Government of Bolivia. Through it, UNICEF has committed to provide technical assistance in sub-national (regional) governments to optimize rural sanitation programmes.
This strategy seeks to sustainably scale-up community and participatory approaches to improved sanitation in rural Bolivia. It is based on equity principles , including a social commitment to the vulnerable populations living in rural areas.
The proposal specifically focuses on the following areas:
This project will include a concrete strategy to progressively leverage economic resources from Departmental and Municipal Governments of up to 42% (USD 1,039,500) of the total budget.
The overall objective is: To provide sustainable access to improved sanitation for 10,300 people (2,100 families) living in rural areas of Bolivia, through the implementation of Community Approaches for Total Sanitation with equity.
The specific objectives are:
|Output / Line of Actions||Expresed in USD|
|Year 1||Year 2||Year 3||Total|
|1.||Institutional strengthening and capacity building||30,000||15,000||15,000||60,000|
Increased rural sanitation coverage
CLTS + community incentives (subsides)
Follow-up and monitoring to ensure sustainability
Follow-up and monitoring
Systematization of results and final evaluation to ensure the sustainability of the project
|4.||Indirect and operating costs (10%)||42,700||34,400||31,650||108,750|
|5.||Technical assistance (20%)||85,500||68,800||63,300||217,500|
|Total required budget||563,640||454,080||417,780||1,435,500|